Businesses across the country have shifted operations from offices to the homes of their employees, students are remote learning, and in-person social interaction is (hopefully) near non-existent at this point. The changes we’ve made to our daily lives are having a huge impact on the internet; not just in terms of bandwidth usage, but observable patterns in usage as well.
Internet traffic is spiking
In a week-over-week comparison, Verizon noted that voice traffic between March 12 and March 29 increased by 25%. That’s voice traffic, as in phone usage – something that has seen a steady decline in usage over the years.
We’re beginning to use traditional means of communication to help decrease the sense of isolation many are experiencing, and it’s a noticeable pattern change in how we use our telecommunications infrastructure.
The move to staying at home has reignited people’s hunger to stay connected, voice-to-voice. Verizon’s fiber-optic and wireless networks are continuing to meet the shifting demands of customers and continue to perform well.
The same report from Verizon shows a 25% increase in VPN traffic, mainly due to remote work, and a 22% increase in Web traffic. If we’re currently living in “the new normal,” is this increase in traffic the new normal for our telecommunications infrastructure?
The impact on remote work
Collaboration services used by remote workers to communicate and maintain business operations are experiencing strain from their surge in popularity. Last week, Microsoft’s chat and communications tool, Teams, went down across Europe for 2 hours. Just yesterday Zoom, a popular conferencing service, experienced downtime across Western Europe, with some other areas also experiencing difficulties.
Thankfully, we haven’t experienced any major outages in the United States and ISPs are assuring customers that there’s plenty of available capacity to support our needs. The majority of people working remotely are doing so because they are unable to access their offices – so while providers are observing increases in usage, it’s largely due to a change in observable patterns and not an increase in users accessing the Internet.
This is going to be an enormous stress test for our communications networks,” said Blair Levin, a former Federal Communications Commission chief of staff and author of the agency’s 2010 plan to improve internet access nationwide.
The change in usage patterns, while they haven’t taken a toll on our ability to function, will likely reveal weak points in our infrastructure and begin to reshape the Internet to ensure our ability to communicate during situations like the one we’re experiencing now.
Telcom providers respond to the crisis
Streaming platforms, telecom operators, and Internet service providers are taking steps to ensure a smoothly functioning Internet during the COVID-19 crisis.
Comcast has opened its network of Wi-Fi hotspots for free to everyone to help individuals stay in touch. They’re also temporarily lifting data caps and taking a relaxed view of late payment of bills.
Wireless carrier T-Mobile is providing customers with unlimited data to help keep remote workers working and students learning at no extra cost. They’re also working with spectrum holders to light up additional parts of the 600MHZ spectrum for the next 60 days, expanding network capacity for customers around the country.
AT&T is redirecting resources to provide additional services and tools for first responders, health care professionals, educators, and other essential consumers. The additional support helps to ensure that customers providing support are able to continue doing so by prioritizing public communications designed to keep the public safe.
Facebook has temporarily downgraded streaming video quality in Europe to reduce bandwidth usage, and this is a measure we may see in the United States, depending on how well our infrastructure fares in the coming weeks.
As it stands now, our infrastructure is accommodating the increased demand and changes in usage patterns, and that’s largely due to the efforts of the service providers we depend on to work, learn, and maintain some semblance of modern life in the new (temporary) normal.